Vasectomy is a sterilization and usually permanent contraceptive method, consisting of the ligation and the splitting of the ducts. Causing, in a short time, that the semen will not contain sperm.
Under anaesthesia, a small incision is made in in the upper part of the scrotum. The seminal canals are cut and ligated after a segment has been removed, so that the two ends of each canal are knotted and separated from each other. Once the intervention is done, a control semen analysis should be performed after 2-3 months to confirm that there is no longer any sperm present in the semen.
It is important to note the following points:
- There is no “reversible vasectomy”, all vasectomies are done with the intention of irreversibility. If in the future, fertility is to be restored, a vasovasostomy or testicular biopsy should be performed to obtain sperm for artificial fertilization.
- Vasectomy does not involve any hormonal or sexual changes.
- Ejaculation is not lost after a vasectomy.